2012年5月15日星期二

Onion.



[ source ] from the" Shen Nong's Materia Medica"
[ ] Pinyin name C n be Sh Golf
English name [ ] Seed of Fistular Onion
[ alias ] onion
[ source ]
Medicine source: Liliaceae onion seed.
Latin animal mineral name: Allium fistulosum L.
Harvest and storage: summer, autumn harvest fruit, dried, rubbing and seed, winnowing the impurity.
[ ] the original morphology of onion, perennial, high up to 50cm. Often in clusters, all with a symplectic smelly, broken after Xinwei of mucus. Fibrous fascicular, white. Bulb cylindrical, apex slightly mast, scale leaf layer, white, with white vertical stripes. Leaves basal, cylindrical, hollow, length 45cm, diameter 1.5-2CM, apex acuminate, green, with longitudinal lines; leaf sheaths pale green. Flowering stems from leaves extract, usually a single, central inflated, hollow, green, also has a longitudinal lines; umbels spherical; involucres membranous, ovate or sockets lanceolate; perianth 6, lanceolate, white, outer3relatively short, the inner wheel3is raised, tepals Central has a longitudinal veins; stamens 6, filaments extend, anthers yellow, versatile; ovarian 3 rooms. Capsule three prism. Seeds black, triangular shaped semi circular7-9, fl.. Fr.8-10.
[ ] all over the country to plant habitat distribution.
[ character ]
Character identification, seed triangular flat oval, a slightly concave, the other surface uplift, ribbed1-2, length 3-4mm, width 2-3mm. Surface black, smooth or occasionally sparsely wrinkles, concave surface smoothing. The base has two protuberances, shorter protrusions apex grey brown or grey, for it, the longer neurites apex micropyle. Longitudinal visible testa thin, gray white endosperm, embryo, bending, cotyledon1. Light body, qualitative hard. Gas specific chew with shallot flavor.
In order to grain full, color black, no impurities.
Microscopic identification, seed transverse: testa sheets at the outer cell wall projections, cell wall thickness, is a thin cuticle, cell cavity containing dark brown wall building material, for the number of crack Brown parenchyma cells. Endosperm cell shape, wall very thick, with large pits, cells in a cavity containing the aleurone grains and fatty oil.
Powder features: black, black seed coat of epidermal cells, strip shape, polygonal, circular or irregular in shape, the diameter of 18-37-74-130m, surface with mesh texture. Endosperm cell number, broken, there are many large round or oblong pit.
[ ] taste acrid in taste and warm;
[ ] functions of warming kidney detoxification; eyesight. Primary kidney yang poison; emission; dizzy; see dim; sore and carbuncle.
[ usage]: orally taken decoction,6-12g; or into the pill powder, porridge. External: knowledge, boiled paste application, washed fried.
[ ] of attached side eye dark, fill the gaps: a real half litre, onion, as at the end of. Each take a spoonful of head, two litres of water to boil, take a half litre, leaching dregs, repair the rice is cooked porridge. In two, pound onion and honey as a great son of wu. Eat, drink juice clothing, twenty pills, two or three. (" feed medicine heart mirror" ) of treatment: Honey one or two, green heart seven, with the first, dripping into beads, stand on silk. ( the original" Materia Medica" )
[ ] the discussion
1" the classics": the main purpose of Buzhong, insufficient.
2" materia medica by variorum": solution of Veratrum poison.
3" Journal of Chinese Materia Medica": cure kidney impotence, dizzy.
Excerpts from" Chinese Materia Medica" [ ]

http://chinese-herbal-medicines-directory.blogspot.com/

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